DMCA Anticircumvention Exemptions
Exemptions are provided for under the DMCA, requiring that Librarian of Congress issue such exemptions when it is satisfactorily demonstrated that DRM technology has had a significant negative impact on user ability to use copyrighted work in a non-infringing manner. The rules determined, in this manner, are reviewed at three year intervals. After this time, they expire and have to be resubmitted periodically (at the same three year interval). Current exemptions are listed below;
(taken from http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2006/index.html)
1. Audiovisual works included in the educational library of a college or university’s film or media studies department, when circumvention is accomplished for the purpose of making compilations of portions of those works for educational use in the classroom by media studies or film professors.
2. Computer programs and video games distributed in formats that have become obsolete and that require the original media or hardware as a condition of access, when circumvention is accomplished for the purpose of preservation or archival reproduction of published digital works by a library or archive. A format shall be considered obsolete if the machine or system necessary to render perceptible a work stored in that format is no longer manufactured or is no longer reasonably available in the commercial marketplace.
3. Computer programs protected by dongles that prevent access due to malfunction or damage and which are obsolete. A dongle shall be considered obsolete if it is no longer manufactured or if a replacement or repair is no longer reasonably available in the commercial marketplace.
4. Literary works distributed in ebook format when all existing ebook editions of the work (including digital text editions made available by authorized entities) contain access controls that prevent the enabling either of the book’s read-aloud function or of screen readers that render the text into a specialized format.
5. Computer programs in the form of firmware that enable wireless telephone handsets to connect to a wireless telephone communication network, when circumvention is accomplished for the sole purpose of lawfully connecting to a wireless telephone communication network.
6. Sound recordings, and audiovisual works associated with those sound recordings, distributed in compact disc format and protected by technological protection measures that control access to lawfully purchased works and create or exploit security flaws or vulnerabilities that compromise the security of personal computers, when circumvention is accomplished solely for the purpose of good faith testing, investigating, or correcting such security flaws or vulnerabilities.
These remain in effect, although an amendment is overdue. They provide for the allowance of what would otherwise be a violation of the DMCA as long as the circumstances/ media in question meet one of the official stipulations above.